Reference Management and Social Bookmarking

Reference management tools and social-bookmarking services help you in managing, organizing and integrating both printed matter and electronic information such as bibliographic data, full texts, abstracts and excerpts. Reference-management software supports your scholarly work by facilitating the automatic acquisition of source information from library catalogues, databases and websites as well as simplifying the compilation of footnotes and lists of sources. Social-bookmarking services help you to store and organize links and digital full texts that are freely tagged and can be exchanged with other users. Below we introduce you to some of these programs.

Reference Management


Zotero is a reference-management software that is particularly suited to researching texts in the Internet and the direct acquisition of researched data. It comprises a standalone component for managing bibliographic information on your own computer or as a plugin for Firefox, Google Chrome and Safari as well as having a web application for synchronizing your own library and for sharing and forwarding bibliographic information to groups or project partners. Zotero enables the collecting and saving of bibliographic data through simple copying from the Internet or through imports by way of ISBN, DOI and PMID. Files and links can be attached to individual entries so that a unified system of bibliographic references and texts may be constructed. Additionally, screenshots of websites can be saved and organized. Zotero supports the organization of sources and source information, in that the collected data is sorted into folders and subfolders, furnished with tags or memos, or individual passages are marked and can be found by means of a search field.

To the ZOTERO homepage


ZOTERO-E-Learning-Course of the edulap-Project of the University of Zürich


With Citavi you can import data from library catalogues and the special bibliographies of numerous information providers. In performing your research on the Web, add-ins for Internet Explorer and Firefox can assist in quick and convenient data-gathering, quotations and graphics for your own databank. Citavi imports articles in a PDF format and downloads their bibliographic information, finds full texts in the Internet, and saves websites in a PDF format.  Citavi saves summaries, direct and indirect citations, graphics, commentaries, evaluations, and all those thoughts generated by your work. Citavi has an integrated task planner. This helps with those typical tasks involved in scholarly work (ordering, processing, consulting, returning books, etc.), reminds you of appointments, marks “milestones,” and allocates tasks – also as a team.

To the Citavi homepage

To the short introduction to Citavi


EndNote is a commercial reference-management tool that can be employed in the single-user mode or in the Web version. EndNote facilitates the online-accessing of databases containing scholarly texts (e.g. PubMed) and can produce bibliographies in numerous citation styles from the assembled data. 

To the EndNote homepage

To the EndNote introductory script of the FU Berlin

Comparison of reference-management tools

Vergleich von Literaturverwaltungsprogrammen

Vergleich von Literaturverwaltungsprogrammen

Social Bookmarking


Delicious is a Web application that enables you to furnish websites with personal bookmarks, catchwords or annotations and to neatly compile and order them. The bookmarks can be privately administered or made accessible to a broader public so that sites with the same catchwords as other users can be merged.

To the Delicious homepage


CiteULike allows you to collectively read and administer scholarly publications online. With CiteULike you can easily share online with other scholars those publications of yours that have already been placed in reference-management tools.

To the CiteULike homepage