Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra, Ph.D.
Directeur d'Études, Ancient Hebrew and Aramaic Philology
École pratique des hautes études, Paris
Born in 1970 in Erlangen
Studied Protestant Theology at the Universities of Bochum and Bern, and Comparative Religion at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Jewish and Christian Liturgy during the First Post-Christian Centuries
Early Jewish and Christian Liturgies in InteractionJewish-Christian relations have been a focus of much scholarly attention in recent decades. One field in which much remains to be done is the rather complex field of liturgy/ritual. While Jewish roots of Christian liturgies have been frequently discussed, this has been much less the case for interrelations between Jewish and Christian liturgies in later times, including Christian influence on Jewish practices and vice versa. Most of the study of early Jewish and Christian liturgies will be undertaken in close collaboration with my colleagues Israel Yuval and Clemens Leonhard. My thematic focus shall be reactions to Christmas in ancient Jewish literature from Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. One of the sources will be Toledot Yeshu, a Jewish anti-Gospel / anti-Acts of the Apostles, that describes the life and work of Jesus and the emergence of Christianity from a highly polemical perspective. Many manuscripts mention a number of Christian festivals, often including Christmas/Epiphany setting them into relation with Jewish festivals. A second arena will be an analysis of exegeses of those biblical readings in Homiletic Midrashim linked to Chanukka that are also employed on Christmas and/or Epiphany. This is linked to an internet database under construction that strives to gather data on fixed liturgical readings in both Jewish and Christian liturgies from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, mostly but not exclusively in lectionaries.
Stökl Ben Ezra, Daniel. "A Christian List of Festivals in Toledot Yeshu: Polemics as Indication for Interaction." Harvard Theological Review 102 (2009): 481-496.
-. "Whose Fast Is It? The Ember Day of September and Yom Kippur." In The Ways that Never Parted: Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, edited by Adam H. Becker and Annette Yoshiko Reed, 225-248. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003. (Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 95.)
-. "Interaction et différenciation. Quelques pensées sur les rôles des fêtes juives, chrétiennes (et 'païennens')." In L'Oiseau et le poisson: Cohabitations et contacts religieux, edited by N. Belayche and J.-D. Dubois. Paris: PUPS (in press).