The field of sleep and memory has accumulated robust evidence that sleep improves memory performance. Memory traces are formed and retrieved most effectively during wakefulness, whereas, the sleep state offers unique features for their consolidation. Most researchers agree that this consolidation is based on a replay of the original trace that occurs during sleep. Although there exist two well defined theories (active systems consolidation and down selection) about how replay may lead to memory improvement, the empirical evidence for details of the theories remains weak. The main reason for this can be attributed to small samples used in our field, as well as, a reluctance to replicate. The workshop sets out to define current challenges and future directions in the field of sleep and memory to help address these issues.
The workshop is supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation.