2013/2014

Natasha Mhatre, Ph.D.

Ecology

Universität Bristol

Born in 1979 in Mumbai, India
Studied Life Sciences and Biochemistry at Mumbai University and Biological Sciences and Animal Behaviour at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Fellowship

College for Life Sciences


Arbeitsvorhaben

Finding the Reciprocity Between being a Sensor and Being a Motor

The cells that transduce sound into neuronal signals are unique; they are both sensory and motor. In auditory systems across taxa, sound is captured as vibration and the cells that sense this motion can also move on their own. By combining motility with sensory capabilities, they behave like a unique class of oscillators, called critical oscillators, which can actively amplify and respond to vibration just above thermal noise. My research will be concerned with the evolution, maintenance and elaboration of mechanosensory active sensing. One finds that the structural similarity between cells used for swimming, i.e. moving, and those for mechanical sensing are remarkably similar. Hence, my working hypothesis is that sensing motion and moving were reciprocal and fundamentally inseparable processes in these ciliated swimming cells, which are ancestral in this cell lineage. Simply put, the first cell that moved using a beating cilium inevitably sensed motion. My second hypothesis is that this sense was maintained and elaborated so the presence of other nearby swimming microorganisms could be detected and used to organise cooperative swimming behaviour that was adaptive. In my time in Berlin, I will explore these hypotheses by developing and designing both the theoretical underpinnings and the appropriate experiments to test these hypotheses.

Histories: Science Communication Through Fiction

At the same time, I will be exploring short stories as a mode for communicating science. I intend to complete a series of short stories, each based on a different aspect of snake biology. Each will be told in a different narrative genre, the one most appropriate to the biology being explored. The success of fiction is often judged on the clarity and detail of its imagining. Much science, certainly biology, also depends on appreciating the full complexity of the factors affecting an organism’s biology and evolution. Through this series I will be asking whether short stories can truly communicate this part of the scientific process; the process of asking and answering the right questions about a complex subject, while avoiding a simple report of the resolutions of the process.

Recommended Reading

Mhatre, Natasha, F. Montealegre-Z, R. Balakrishnan, and D. Robert (2012). "Changing resonator geometry to boost sound power decouples size and song frequency in a small insect." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 22, May 29. doi:10.1073/pnas.1200192109
Mhatre, Natasha, M. Bhattacharya, R. Balakrishnan, and D. Robert (2011). "Matching sender and receiver: poikilothermy and frequency tuning in a tree cricket." Journal of Experimental Biology 214: 2569-2578.
Mhatre, Natasha and R. Balakrishnan (2008). "Predicting acoustic orientation in complex real-world environments." Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 2779-2785.

Publikationen aus der Fellowbibliothek

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2018)
Tympanal spontaneous oscillations reveal mechanisms for the control of amplified frequency in tree crickets

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2018)
Tree cricket baffles are manufactured tools

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2013)
Low-pass filters and differential tympanal tuning in a paleotropical bushcricket with an unusually low frequency call

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2012)
Sound reception and radiation in a small insect

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2012)
Changing resonator geometry to boost sound power decouples size and song frequency in a small insect

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2012)
Changing resonator geometry to boost sound power decouples size and song frequency in a small insect : author summary

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2011)
Mechanical processing of acoustic information in the ear of the desert locust

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2011)
Matching sender and receiver : poikilothermy and frequency tuning in a tree cricket

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2010)
The small and smart sensors of insect auditory systems

Mhatre, Natasha ( 2009)
Mechanical response of the tympanal membranes of the tree cricket Oecanthus henryi