© privat

2019/2020

Zhiyi Yang, Ph.D.

Professor of Sinology

Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main

Born in 1981 in Yichun, Jiangxi Province, China
Studied Chinese Literature, History, Philosophy, and Comparative Literature at Peking University and East Asian Studies at Princeton University


Project

The Poetics of Memory: Wang Zhaoming (1883-1944) and China's WWII Collaboration

My monographic project investigates the poetry of Wang Zhaoming (1883-1944) and China's WWII memory. Better known by his pen name Jingwei, Wang was seen as a man who fell from being a founder of Republican China to become the arch-traitor of the nation. Perhaps in anticipation of a posthumous controversy, he declared on his deathbed that his collection of classical-style verses alone would be his testament – implying that he believed his poetry to contain his truest portrait. In these poems, Wang consistently portrays himself as a martyr and a romantic figure who was ready to sacrifice not just his life, but even his posthumous reputation, for the salvation of the nation. Written entirely in classical forms, Wang's poetry features a learned and lucid style, highly acclaimed by literary critics. By encoding China's cultural memory and integrating it into Wang's personal memory, it serves to construct a literary persona in continuation of the classical literati tradition, especially the politics of moral integrity. It suggests that Wang's collaboration was motivated by his belief in the world-transforming effect of an individual's self-cultivation - a fundamental principle in Confucian ethics. Still being published and read to date, these poems pose a series of exegetical, ethical, and historiographical questions. This project explores these poems, together with other types of texts such as essays, epistles, memoirs, and archival materials, to examine the life of the most controversial figure in modern Chinese history. It attempts to investigate the thorny question of wartime collaboration, especially the perceived treason of China's cultural elites. The three disparate academic fields - literary, memory, and history studies - will be brought into collision and dialogue. Given that no full biography of Wang is available in English, and arguably no objective biography in Chinese, the first section of the book tries to delineate Wang's life as a politician and poet in three chapters. The second section will focus on his poems written during the period of collaboration to investigate the functions that poetry plays in writing the memory and the history of its author. At the end, I ask whether the study of poetry and historiography can be truly integrated, so as to write a history with human temperature.

Recommended Reading

Yang, Zhiyi. "The Memory of an Assassin and Problem of Legitimacy in the Wang Jingwei Regime (1940-1945)." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies December 2019 (forthcoming).
-. Dialectics of Spontaneity: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Su Shi (1037-1101) in Poetry. Leiden: Brill, 2015. Chinese version: "Ziran" zhi bian: Su Shi de youxian yu buxiu. Beijing: Sanlian chubanshe, 2018.
-. "The Tower of Going Astray: The Paradox of Liu Yazi's Lyric Classicism." Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 28, 1 (2016): 174-221.

Publications from the Fellows' Library

Yang, Zhiyi ( Bei jing shi, 2018)
Dialectics of spontaneity Dialectics of spontaneity

Yang, Zhiyi ( Columbus, Ohio, 2016)
The tower of going astray : the paradox of Liu Yazi’s lyric classicism

Yang, Zhiyi ( Madison, Wis., 2015)
The road to lyric martyrdom : reading the poetry of Wang Zhaoming (1883-1944)

Yang, Zhiyi ( Leiden, 2015)
Dialectics of spontaneity : the aesthetics and ethics of Su Shi (1037-1101) in poetry Sinica Leidensia ; Volume 122