© Hannah Assouline


Gisèle Sapiro , Dr.

Directrice de recherche and directrice d'étude

Centre national de la recherche scientifique and École des hautes études en sciences sociales

Born in 1965 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Studied Comparative Literature and Philosophy at Tel Aviv University and Sociology at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales


The Concept of Disinterestedness in Theory and in Practice: the Case of the Intellectual and Artistic Professions

This project sets out to study the concept of disinterestedness, combining Begriffsgeschichte with historical sociology, in a longue durée perspective. Restricted to religious uses in the Moralists' reflections, this concept developed in the 18th century, at a time when the notion of interest became central in defining human action. It was adopted and theorized by writers, artists and philosophers (notably Shaftesbury and Kant) to define their autonomy from the political and religious powers, as well as from the emerging market of symbolic goods. The concept circulated between France, Germany and England. The project aims first at studying its development, usages and circulation across these countries, focusing on key moments and on controversies (for instance the debate about the introduction of the scientific paradigm in the Geisteswissenschaften at the end of the 19th century). This intellectual history will be complemented by a study of the forms of embodiment of the concept in the organization and social practices of intellectual and artistic professions (codes of ethics, droit d'auteur, non-profit organizations, free work and so on) in the era of capitalism and of the rise of cultural industries.

Recommended Reading

Sapiro, Gisèle. "How Do Literary Texts Cross Borders (or Not)." Journal of World Literature 1, 1 (2016): 81-96.
-. "The Metamorphosis of Modes of Consecration in the Literary Field: Academies, Literary Prizes, Festivals." Poetics 59 (2016): 5-19.
-. "Das französiche literarische Feld: Struktur, Dynamik und Formen der Politisierung. " Berliner Journal für Soziologie 2, 4 (2004): 157-171.

Publications from the Fellows' Library

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2017)
The role of publishers in the making of world literature : the case of Gallimard

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2016)
La diffusion internationale du structuralisme : entre appropriation et rejet

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2016)
How do literary works cross borders (or not)? : a sociological approach to world Literature

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2016)
Faulkner in France : or how to introduce a peripheral unknown author in the center of the world republic of letters

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2016)
The metamorphosis of modes of consecration in the literary field : academies, literary prizes, festivals

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2015)
Translation and symbolic capital in the era of globalization : French literature in the United States

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2015)
Transformations des champs de production culturelle à l’ère de la mondialisation

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2015)
L’amour de la littérature : le festival, nouvelle instance de production de la croyance ; le cas des Correspondances de Manosque

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2014)
Penser l'état

Sapiro, Gisèle ( 2013)
Le champ est-il national? : la théorie de la différenciation sociale au prisme de l’histoire globale