2009/2010

Arndt von Twickel

Neurocybernetics

University of Osnabrück

Born in 1978 in Berlin
Studied Biology in Freiburg, Bonn, and Cologne and
at the Ècole Normale Supérieure de Lyon

Focus


Project

Comparing Biological With Evolved Artificial Neural Networks in the Sensorimotor Loop

I will try to identify general principles regarding structure-function relationships in neural networks acting in the sensorimotor loop. To this end I will focus on comparing small, identified biological neural networks with a range of neural networks developed via artificial evolution. By changing structure and parameters of the neural networks, artificial evolution allows for a systematic exploration of possible neural structures and therefore for a systematic investigation of the role of different sensory inputs on the generation of movements. When a multitude of functional controllers have been derived under different conditions, they will be analyzed and compared on multiple levels: 1) behavioral level, 2) structural level (usage of specific sensors, connectivity, network size, lesions, etc.), and 3) dynamical systems level. Comparison of controllers derived under different boundary conditions (e. g. muscle or environment properties) is expected to highlight structural constraints of neural controllers that are specific to the movement system and to yield insight into diverse functional modules. Comparison with known biological networks will, firstly, support or reject biological hypotheses and, further, allow the formulation of new hypotheses. If time permits, the derived control principles will be tested on a physical robot.

Recommended Reading

Twickel, A. von and F. Pasemann. 2007. "Reflex-oscillations in evolved single leg neurocontrollers for walking machines." Natural Computing 6, 311-337.

Publications from the Fellows' Library

Twickel, Arndt ( 2008)
Yars : a physical 3D simulator to evolve controllers for real robots

Twickel, Arndt ( 2007)
Dynamical systems in the sensorimotor loop : on the interrelation between internal and external mechanisms of evolved robot behavior

Twickel, Arndt ( 2007)
Reflex-oscillations in evolved single leg neurocontrollers for walking machines

Twickel, Arndt ( 2005)
Evolved neural reflex-oscillators for walking machines