Angelika Kratzer, Professor of Linguistics, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Manfred KRIFKA, Professor of General Linguistics at Humboldt Universität Berlin and Director of the Zentrum für Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin (ZAS).
Emmanuel Chemla, Research Scientist (CNRS), Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, École Normale Supérieure, Paris
Lisa Matthewson, Professor, Department of Linguistics, University of British Columbia
Jesse Snedeker, Professor,Department of Psychology, Harvard University
Malte Zimmermann, Professor of Semantics and Theory of Grammar, Universität Potsdam
One major impulse in semantics has been, and still is, the building of formal theories of meaning. Crucial sources of evidence are the researcher’s intuitions about the truth-conditions of sentences. This kind of research has been dubbed the “armchair method.” The armchair method is the method of choice in Philosophical Logic, Philosophy of Language, and Theoretical Linguistics. It has led to interesting formal models showing that, underlying our sometimes rather chaotic communicative behavior, there are structures that can be captured by insightful theories that rely on mathematical tools.
During the last fifteen years, linguists have become more and more involved in the documentation and theoretical investigation of underdescribed and endangered languages, and this has led to an increased interest in fieldwork-based semantic work. At the same time, the experimental investigation of linguistic meanings has been gaining momentum and seems to have reached a point where theoretically sophisticated questions can be addressed with sophisticated experimental tools. Both of those developments made it necessary to supplement the armchair method with other ways of collecting evidence for the investigation of linguistic meanings. Practitioners of linguistic fieldwork use questionnaires for studying the construction of meanings in languages that the researchers themselves do not master natively.
Psycholinguists, cognitive psychologists, and neuroscientists rely on behavioral or neurophysiologic data typically coming from a lab, including self-paced reading tasks, preferential looking tasks, various forms of eye tracking, ERP (event-related potentials), fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and MEG (magnetoencephalography).
The participants of the Summer Institute will work in interdisciplinary teams from the very start. Teams will be organized around broad semantic themes, rather than methods. Before the start of the first session of the Summer Institute, participants will select one - or possibly two - project groups with about five participants coming from different subareas that decide to work together on a topic. Work on this will continue over the year, and culminate in the second session of the Summer Institute, with the goal of achieving a high-ranking publication. In order to facilitate group formation, we propose the following list of possible topics:
Applicants are asked to identify up to three of these topics and describe why they find them interesting, and how they could contribute. Other topics may be considered if there is enough interest among applicants. In the selection of applicants we will try to make sure that topic-centered project groups can be formed naturally. In addition to interdisciplinary team building, the Summer Institute will also be an opportunity for capacity building and the acquisition of methods in the neighboring fields. This will be accomplished by presentations and hands-on workshops, mostly by experts among the participants themselves, supplemented by outside specialists.
We want to attract junior postdoctoral researchers from one of three fields: (a) Theoretical Linguistics, especially Semantics and its interfaces with Pragmatics, Syntax, or Phonology, (b) Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, and (c) Linguistic and Anthropological Fieldwork. We are thinking of participants who have strong additional interests in at least one other field. For example, a linguist working in pragmatics seeking ways of experimental validation of formal models of language use, a cognitive neuroscientist who wants to probe into the process of meaning composition, or a linguistic field worker interested in developing experimental techniques that are suitable for small language communities. Applicants should be in the final stages of completing their PhD or have received their PhD in 2009 or later. They should have an institutional affiliation in the US or in Europe.
SIAS Summer Institutes c/o Martin GarsteckiWissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin